“The <Watergate> scandal escalated, costing Nixon much of his political support, and on August 9, 1974, he resigned in the face of almost certain impeachment and removal from office. After his resignation, he accepted a pardon issued by his successor, Gerald Ford.”
First of all, how could Ford pardon Nixon? He was never tried and convicted of anything.
Secondly and most important.
Article. II. Section. 2. (of The US Constitution)
The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.
So Ford could not pardon Nixon for IMPEACHMENT!!!
Also does the clause “when called into the actual Service of the United States,” apply to only the Militia (which does not now exist)? It is not the National Guard. Militia were untrained. The National Guard is trained and should be used by the State for which they are in. Example: the Texas National Guard (or Air National Guard) should benefit the State of Texas only, not be off fighting in a foreign war. Same for any other National Guardsmen in all other states. If it applies to the whole bit preceding it then the POTUS is Commander in Chief only in time of war?